Vienna Underground – A quick History
The general public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for your first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was a really complicated system. The very first date within the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is only a few changing times.
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified by the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 and in the next many years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was called a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not the least, in the year 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently on the U4 line for just two years.
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification happened time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me being acceptable to Wien Metro.
The center of the Century
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at an urban area of three to four million inhabitants, and also today is not on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as in other cities. The tasks of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. During these years, there is also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, because the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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